The AfD has given the other parties joint responsibility for the high murder rate in Berlin. “Berlin has become an unworthy capital and a prime example of what decades of colorful old party rule has bad consequences,” said Deputy AfD chief Stephan Brandner on Monday.Criminal clans and gangs have “made Berlin their own”. A study published by the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) at the end of December compared the number of murders to 100 000 inhabitants in 16 European capitals in 2016. Berlin came first with a value of 4,4. Paris followed with 2,4 and Brussels with 2,2. According to the Berliner Zeitung, around half of those involved in this particular heinous crime were not German citizens during the period mentioned. Both 48 percent of the victims and almost 52 percent of the suspects were foreigners. “The fact that more than half of the suspects have no German citizenship shows once again where uncontrolled mass immigration can lead to,” Brandner said. “This is not the Germany we want.” However, there has been criticism directed at the work of the study’s authors. The DIW used the figures from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OSCE) for Berlin. The police crime statistics for 2016 show 37 completed murders. This would bring the value down to 1,0 instead of 4,4, the Berliner Zeitung calculated. However, if one summarizes the number of “crimes against life”, one comes to 167 and thus the mathematically correct value 4,4. In this category, however, not only murders or homicides are counted, but also negligent killings, less serious homicides or killings on request. However, over the course of Monday, the OECD announced that it would review the numbers. “The data on homicides are reported to the OECD by the national authorities. In fact, in international comparison, the murder rates appear unusually high for the German federal states,” OECD spokesman Matthias Rumpf told the newspaper. “We are checking whether the figures have been reported in accordance with the OECD standards.” Berlin is also the bottom of another comparison among European capitals. The Institute of German Business in Cologne calculated the so-called capital effect in a European comparison at the beginning of 2019. The value describes the loss of per capita economic output that a country would suffer without its capital. While per capita economic output would decrease without their capital in all other countries examined, it rose by 0,16 percent in the case of Germany. In 2014, the city state Berlin had 37 368 live births (+6,6%), a record number since 1991. The number of deaths was 32 314. Almost 2 million households were counted in the city. Some 54 percent of them were single-person households, while more than 337 000 families with children under the age of 18 lived in Berlin, suggesting that foreigners – mainly Turks – and liberals were concentrated in the capital. An estimated 350 000 Muslims reside in Berlin, making up about 6–10 percent of the population. In 2014 the German capital registered a migration surplus of approximately 40 000 people. On 31 December 2015 the city-state of Berlin had a population of 3 520 031 registered inhabitants. Berlin in 2009 was estimated to have up to 250 000 non-registered inhabitants.